3/28/2013

ISSA - Cultural Keywords

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .

Cultural keywords and kigo used by Issa

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Emotions expressed directly by Issa .
asamashi 浅まし
. isogashiki いそがしき so busy .
mutsukashi むつかし
natsukashi なつかし
okashisa おかしさ
sabishisa さびしさ


- - - Numbers - used by Issa in his haiku


. - Onomatopoetic words used by Issa - .
- - - - - . WKD - Onomatopoetic words .
- - - べったり bettari



. Issa and Animals .


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


. aki 秋 autumn in Japan .

. akikaze, aki no kaze - autumn wind .


ama - Buddhist nun

amadare - rain from eaves and leaves

amado 雨戸 wooden shutters, 遣り戸, 鑓戸, 槍戸 yarido wooden sliding doors
. asa-gasumi tenshu no amado kikoe keri .


. Amida Buddha 阿弥陀 and Namu Amida Prayer .

. anaichi, ana-ichi 穴一 coin-throwing game .

. andon 行灯 room lantern .

aruki-gami - God of Wandering

. asagi あさぎ - 浅黄 - 浅葱 hues of light yellow, green and blue .

. asaichi, asa-ichi 朝市 morning market .

Asamayama, Mount Asama - and Shinano province

asameshi - breakfast

ase 汗 sweat, sweating


. benizara, beni-zara 紅皿 dish for red lipstick .

. binboogami 貧乏神 Bimbogami, God of Poverty .

. Binzuru 賓頭盧 and nadebotoke 撫で仏 Buddhas to rub .

. Bon odori 盆踊り Dance for the O-Bon festival .

. bootsukis, boo-tsuki 棒突 guards with poles .

botamochi - rice cakes with bean paste

. botan 牡丹 peony .

Buddha birthday rituals



chawan 茶碗 tea bowl or rice bowl

. chaya, -jaya 茶屋 tea shop, tea stall .

. chazaru 茶笊 basket for drying tea or tea strainer .

. chimaki 粽 Chimaki rice dumplings .

chiri no mi - this body of dust

choo, choochoo - butterfly, butterflies


. Confucius 孔子 Kooshi / 孔夫子, Kung Tzu, Kung Fu Tzu .

. Cuckoo, Cuculus canorus, kankodori 閑古鳥 .
- - - - - and
Little Cuckoo, Cuculus poliocephalis, hototogisu ホトトギス, 時鳥



. Daikoku Ten 大黒天 God of Wealth and Good Luck .

daiko, daikon - long white radishes

. Dokurakuboo, Dokurakubou 獨楽坊 Dokuraku Bo / Chidoo 知洞 Chido .

Dookan, Oota Dookan, Ota Dokan - founder of Edo castle

. doosha 道者 pilgrim "man on the road" .



eda - branch of a tree

. Edo niwa 江戸庭 Garden in Edo .

. ehoomaki 恵方巻き auspicious sushi roll .
and
hiiragi sasu 柊挿す (ひいらぎさす) piercing with a holly

eta - outcast, lowest rank in Edo society

Ezo, the Island of Hokkaido



fog - mist - haze - kiri, oboro, kazumi . . .

. - Food and hokku by Issa - .

Fukagawa in Edo

Fukakusa clay dolls - Kaguya Hime

fukuto, fugu - puffer fish, blowfish, Kugelfisch

. fundoshi 褌 ふんどし loincloth .

. furusato ふるさと 故郷、古里 my hometown, my home village . .

. fuyugomori 冬篭 winter seclusion .




. ga 蛾 moth, hi-tori-mushi 火とり虫 self-burning moth .

gaki - hungry ghosts

. ge-gaki 夏書 summer prayer and natsu ango natsu ango 夏安吾 retreat .

. Gensei 元政 Saint Gensei, Gensei Shoonin 元政上人 . (1623―1668)


. gesshoku 月食 eclipse of 1819 .

Goji-In and kawahori prostitutes

gokutsubushi - person without an income or job monogoi, beggar

. gomame 五万米(ゴマメ)dried sardines .

gosun kugi, go sun kugi - a nail of 5 sun length




hachi, mitsubachi, arare-bachi - bees, honey bees and hornets

hae - fly, flies

. hanabi 花火 fireworks .

hanagami, hana-kami - tissue paper

. hana-uri, hana uri 花うり / 花売り flower vendor .

harishigoto - needlework

harusame - spring rain

hasu, hasu no hana - lotou, Lotos

hatago, lodging on the road

hatobue, pigeon flute


. hatsumono 初物 ー first things (of the year or season) .

. hatsugatsuo 初鰹 first bonito .

hatsu haru - first spring, New Year


. hehirimushi, he-kiri mushi 屁ひり虫 fart bug .


higasa - parasol, summer umbrella

Higashiyama in Kyoto

. hijiri, cha no hijiri 茶の聖 the saint of tea, Eisai .
- - - - - . Sen Rikyuu, Sen Rikyū 千利休 Sen Rikyu, Sen no Rikyu .

hiki - toad, kawazu - frog hiki-dono, lord toad

. hina ningyoo 雛人形 Hina dolls festival, March 3 .

hisago, fukube - gourd and melon - kome fukube, kome-hisago to keep rice

. hito no hi 人の日, jinjitsu 人日 "day of Man", January 7 .

hoojoo-e, Hojo-E - Ceremonies for the Release of Living Beings

hotaru - firefly, fierflies



. Ichihime no kami 一姫の神 protector of the market .   

. imo 芋 (いも) / satoimo, sato-imo 里芋 taro plant .

inazuma - lightning and kaminari - thunder

. inoki, inoshishi ゐのこ / 猪 wild boar .

. inu 犬  dog, koinu 子犬 - enoko えのこ puppy .
JOSHU'S DOG KOAN

. io 庵 / kakurega 隠れ家 - my humble hut, my dwelling .

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / 石投 / 擲石 toy pebble or dice .

ishizue - corner stone, stone foundation



. jigoku 地獄 17 haiku about hell .

. Jizo Bosatsu (Kshitigarbha) 地蔵菩薩 Jizoo, Jizō .

juzu - rosary



. ka 蚊 mosquito, kabashira 蚊柱 and mosquitoes and larvae .

. kaba no ki, kanba no ki かんば, shirakaba 白樺 birch tree .

. kadomatsu 門松 pine decorations for New Year .

kago - palanquin, sedan chair

. Kagura Dance 神楽 .

. kaidan 戒壇 platform for Buddhist ordination .

kaji - fire in Edo Shitaya fire 下谷
October 9, 1698 - Chokugaku Fire 勅額火事
and
文化3年(1806年)3月4日、火災により焼失。after a fire in 1806
寅年の大火
蕣(あさがお)の下谷せましと咲にけり asagao no Shitaya semashi to saki ni keri
- reference : members.jcom.home.ne.jp/michiko328 -


. kajoogui 嘉定喰 Eating on the Kajo-Day .

. kakine 垣根 hedge, fence / kakoi 囲い, saku さく. hei 塀 .

. kamikaze 神風 divine wind .

. kamiko 紙衣 paper robes .

. kamiyui 髪結い hairdo master, hairdresser .

kanreki 還暦, manroku - circle of 60 years

. kanzashi かんざし / 簪 hairpin - and kushi / comb .


. kao 顔 face,faces of humans, animals, dolls .

. kara-kurenai 唐紅 "chinese red", bright crimson .

. kari 雁 goose, geese .

karuta - card games and other games

. kashiwa 柏 oak tree . - and kogarashi 木がらし withering wind

. katajin, katabutsu 堅人 / 堅物 honest, reliable person .

. katashiro 形代 ritual paper figure .

. katatsuburi, katatsumuri 蝸牛 (かたつむり land snail, snail .

. kawatemizu, kawachoozu 川手水 "river to wash the hands" .

. kayoichoo, tsuuchoo 通帳 credit account book .


keshi, keshi no hana - poppy, poppies


. kiji 雉 pheasant and yamadori 山鳥 copper pheasant .

. kiku 菊 chrysanthemum .
- - - . kiku 菊 chrysanthemums and the festival .

. kimigayo, kimi ga yo 君が代 national anthem of Japan .


kimono and other robes - karigi - lending robes

kinoko, ki no ko - mushrooms

kinuta - fulling block, pounding cloth

. kiri, kiri hitoha 桐一葉 paulownia, one leaf .

Kisagata lagoon in Akita - in memory of Basho

. kiseru 煙管 tobacco pipe in the Edo period .
- - - - - tabako-bon たばこ盆 pipe-smoking tray

. Kiso 木曽 .

. Kitano Tenmangu Shrine 北野天満宮 - Kyoto .

kobiru, ko-biru "littel lunch" snack and usu, a stone hand mill

. kodomo 子供 child, children .
- - - - - koboozu 小坊主 young boy, young monk. 継子、まま子 stepchild

kojiki, konjiki - beggar


. komatsu hiki 小松引 pulling out small pine seeldlings .

. komo 菰 wild rice, Komo rice, water oats .

. Konpira 金毘羅 visiting Kotohira in Shikoku .   

koo, jinkoo 香 沈香 incense


. koomori, kawahori 蝙蝠 bats and cheap prostitutes .


koozui 洪水 flood, flooding

koromogae 衣替え  changing to summer robes, priests


kotatsu 炬燵 こたつ  heated table


. Kuge 公家 Aristocrats .

. Kumasaka 熊坂長範 Kumasaka Chohan - . - a famous robber

. kumo 蜘蛛 spider, Spinne . .

. kumo no mine 雲の峰 billowing clouds .

kusa - weeds, small plants - mugura cleavers

. kusuri gui 薬喰 eating medicine in winter .

. kuwa 鍬 hoe, plough .

. Kyooto, Kyoo 京都 Kyoto, the floweringn capital - Hana no Miyako 花の都 .



. Lunar Eclipse of 1819 - 8/15 (Oct. 3) .



Maeda Toshiie - Lord of Kaga domaine

. maiden flower, woman flower 女郎花 ominaeshi .

matsu - pine

meshi - cooked rice

. mi み【箕】 winnow for grain .

minomushi - bagworm case moth, basketworm

. miso 味噌 miso paste .

. mizudori, mizu-tori 水鳥 water birds .

mokugyo - fish gong for prayers

. mon, kado 門 gate .

. Monjudoo 文珠堂 Monju-D0 Hall of Monju Bosatsu, Wisdom Buddha's temple .

. monzenmachi 門前町 "town in front of the gate" .

. mudabito, muda-bito むだ人 socially useless people .

. mugi 麦 / oomugi 大麦 barley. .

. Myoojin 明神 Myojin deity .
Myoojin no mashira 明神の猿 Monkeys of Myojin


. naginata 薙刀 / 長刀 / 眉尖刀 Japanese halberd .

. Nanto Shichi Daiji 南都七大寺 seven big temples in Nara .

Natsume Seibi, his sponsor in Edo

. neko 猫 cat, cats .
- - - - - . Nekozuka (neko tsuka) 猫塚 cat mound .

. New Year and picking herbs .

. nihon, nippon  日本 Japan .

. niji 虹 rainbow, zankoo 残虹 .

nikui - to hate

ningyoo, karakuri ningyoo - mechanical dolls

. Nishiyama 西山 "Western Mountains" Kyoto .

. nobotoke 野仏 "Buddhas in the wilderness" .

nomi - flea, fleas

nunoko - quilt, blanket

. nuribon ぬり盆 laquered food tray .



ochiba - fallen leaves

ongaku 音楽  music

. onna-zaka, onnazaka 女坂 women's slope .

. Oojooji, ôjôji 往生寺 Ojo-Ji temple .

. ookami狼 - yama-inu 山犬 - wolf, wolves .

. orekugi 折釘 hooked nail .

. otabisho, o-tabisho 御旅所 / お旅所 sacred resting point .


. rakugaki 落書 / らく書 grafitti .

rin - singing bowl, prayer bowl

. roku no wan 鹿の椀 gooroku no wan 合鹿 の椀 laquer bowl .



. sakazuki 盃 /坏 / さかずき sake cup .

. sakura 桜 the cherry blossoms .

. sandarabooshi 桟俵法師 sandara boshi - straw cover .


. sanrai-i 山雷頤 / I Ching, I-Ging 易經 / 易经 The Book of Changes .


sanson - three haikai poet treasures


. sarashi i さらし井 cleaning the well .

Sarashinayama - Mount Sarashina

. Sarumaru 猿丸 "Lord Monkey", Mister Monkey, Sarumaru Dayū 猿丸大夫 Poet .


sendoo - boatman, boatsman

Sensooji - Temple Senso-Ji, Sensoji Asakusa


. sentaku 洗濯 washing, doing the laundry .

setchin - toiled, outhouse
- and the deity of the outhouse, Benjogami

. setsubun 節分 oni 鬼 the seasonal divide .
beginning of the New Year in Edo


. shaba 娑婆 / しゃば / シャバ this world of Samsara .

. Shaka Nyorai 釈迦如来  Gautama Buddha .


. shakuya 借家 house for rent .
. . . . . ame-ochi ishi 雨おちの石 rain-drop stones around the house

. shamisen, samisen, sangen 三味線, 三絃  Shamisen .

shamoji, shakushi - ladle for rice, rice spoon

. Shianbashi, shian-bashi 思案橋 "Bridge to make a decision", to the pleasure quarters .

shigi 鴫  snipe

. shigure 時雨 winter drizzle, sleet .

shika - deer, kanoko - fawn


. Shinano province 信濃国 and river .

. shinigami 死神 god of death .

shirauo, shira-uo - whitebait fish


. shiratsuyu, shira-tsuyu, shira tsuyu, hakuro 白露 white dew .

. shishimai 獅子舞 lion dance for New Year . kado-jishi 門獅子

. shooben, shomben 小便 pissing .

. shoogatsu, o-shoogatsu 正月 the NEW YEAR .


. soba 蕎麦 (そば) buckwheat noodles .

. soojoo. sôjô 僧正 high-ranking priest, "archbishop" .
boozu 坊主, oshoo 和尚, shoonin 上人 - all kinds of priests

. soozu - sôzu 僧都 rank of a priest .
- and - tsuzura 葛籠 / つづら wicker box


. sora 空 sky in all seasons .

sotoba - grave marker

sudare, blinds, bamboo blinds

Sugino Suikei (1754-1813) 

suisen - daffodils and narcissus

. Sumidagawa 隅田川 River Sumidagawa . Amida Buddha and his mother

sumire - violets in spring bloom early


. susu 煤 soot and susuharai 煤払 cleaning off soot .

. susuki すすき / 薄 pampas grass - Miscanthus sinensis .

Suwa Shrine in Nagano



. Taira no Masakado 平将門 / 平將門 - Prince Hei Shinoo 平親王 .

. Tanabata 七夕 Star Festival and the Heavenly River 天の川 Amanogawa .

. Tango no Sekku 端午の節句 Boy's Festival .

. tan o kiru たんをきる  "clear one's throat", to brag .

. tanpopo 蒲公英 (たんぽぽ) dandelion .

. tashoo no en 他生の縁 karma relations from a previous life .

. tatami 畳 floor mats for a home .

. take 竹 bamboo, wakatake 若竹 bamboo shoots .

. tasuki 襷 sleeve cord (for kimono) .

. ta-ue uta 田植唄 planting rice with songs .


. temakura 手枕 / udemakura - my arms for a pillow .

Tendai Daishi and ritual rice gruel

. Tengu no mugimeshi 天狗の麦飯 boiled barley and rice of the Tengu .

. teppoo,teppô 鉄砲 musket, matchlock gun .

tetsuki - gesture, position of the hands

tokoroten - gelidium jelly, jelly stripes

. tokkuri 徳利 sake flask .

Tokuman-Ji temple 

. toogarashi 唐辛子 (とうがらし) red pepper, hot pepper .

Tooji - temple Toji in Kyoto

. tooji 湯治 healing bath, onsen  温泉 hot spring .

toojin - karabito - foreigners, Duchmen and Chinese

. toomegane, too megane 遠眼鏡 Tomegane, telescope .

tora ga ame - Tears of Lady Tora


. toshigami 年神 god of the year / toshitoku 年德 .

Tsukuma Festival - "pot festival", nabe matsuri

tsubame, tsubakura - swallow

. tsugiho 接穂(つぎほ)grafting branches (mid-spring) .

. tsujidoo 辻堂 wayside sanctuary - tsujibotoke 辻仏 Buddha statue at the crossroad .

. tsujigahana 辻が花 "flowers at the crossroads" dyeing method .

. tsuwamono 強者、兵 brave warrior .

tsuyu - dew, dewdrops



. ubuya 産屋 hut for giving birth .

. ukikusa 浮草 all kinds of duckweed .

. ukinedori 浮寝鳥 "birds who sleep while floating on water" .

. ukiyo 浮世 this floating world .

. u no hana 卯の花 deutzia blossoms, tofu dregs .

ureshi, ureshisa - joy expressed directly

. uri 瓜 melon, melons .

. ushi 牛 cow, ox, bull, calf .



. wakaba 若葉 young leaves .

. wakamizu 若水 "young water", first water of the New Year .

. wakazakari, waka-zakari わか盛り、若盛り the peak of youth、first flush of youth .

. waniguchi 鰐口 "crocodile mouth" temple gong .

. waraji 草鞋 - わらじ straw sandals .


. wataridori, watari-dori 渡り鳥 migrating birds .


yakimeshi - half-browned rice balls

. yakudoshi 厄年 "years of calamity" - yakubarai, yakuyoke 厄除け to ward off evil .

. yama 山 mountains - natsuyama 夏山 mountain in summer .

yamamori - large rice portions

 
Yamato, Yamato no Kuni 大和の国 Japan

. yamaudo, yama-udo 山人 mountain man, hermit .

. yanagi 柳 willow tree .

. yogi 夜着 bedtime quild, bedding "night wear" / fusuma 衾 .

. Yoshinoyama - 吉野山 Mount Yoshino - miyoshino みよしの .

. yohsizu 葭簀 (よしず ) reed screen .

. yuri 百合 (ゆり) lily, lilies .

yuudachi 夕立 yudachi - evening cloudburst



zen - dinner tray


. zoori 草履 straw sandals / uwazoori 上草履 indoor sandals .
..... kamizoori, kami zoori 紙草履 / 紙ぞうり kamizori, sandals made from paper


- - - - - - - - - -


. Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 visiting shrines and temples .



. Issa with Comments by Chris Drake .


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Latest updates about Issa on facebook - CLICK to join !



. WKD : Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- issaculturalkeywords #issaabc -
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

ya 矢 arrow

人なつき鶴よどちらに矢があたる
hito natsuki tsuru yo dochira ni ya ga ataru
.
http://haikutopics.blogspot.jp/2006/04/target-mato.html
.