10/03/2013

machi - towns and villages

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo .
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machi, choo  町 town and village - districts in Edo  


地名で読む江戸の町 / 大石学


machiwari, machi-wari 町割り 'division of towns and streets', districts
To keep the security of a big town like Edo, the Bakufu government installed many laws.
The living quarters of Samurai and Townspeople were separated and the temples had their own grounds.
The center of the town development was 日本橋 Nihonbashi.
There were toori 通り roads, suji 筋 small roads and roji 路地 alleys, lanes.
The width of a normal 通町筋 town road was about 6丈 / 18 m, the width of a 横町筋 side road about 2丈 / 6 m, but roads were constantly widened up to 12 meters.
One quarter was about 60間 / 108 m around.
The length of a 町屋 Nagaya quarter was about 20間, with a public square space in the middle.
Each machi 町 square was closed by a kido 木戸 wooden gate. The gates were open from 4 in the morning till about 10 in the evening.




. kido 木戸 The Gates of Edo .
Takanawa Okido 高輪 大木戸


under construction
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chikagai 地下街 underground district

choomei 町名 name of a town or street

choonai 町内 neighbourhood


gakuseigai 学生街 town with students


irozato 色里 - iromachi 色町 - towns with prostitutes


. jookamachi, joukamachi 城下町 Jokamachi, castle town .
jooshi 城市 town with a castle wall

jookyoo 上京 going to Tokoy


kaku 廓 red-light district - 廓跡 - 廓町

kokujingai 黒人街 district for "black people"

. Kanda konyachoo, Konyachō 神田紺屋町 Konya-Cho
Konyamachi, district for cloth dyers .


koogai 郊外 outskirts

kura no machi 蔵の町 town with storehouses

kyoo 京 - kyooraku 京洛 Kyoto

kyoosha 狭斜 town in ancient China - or town with prostitutes


kyuushigai 旧市街 old part of a town


minatomachi 港町 / 巷衢 harbour town

. monzenmachi 門前町 "town in front of the gate" .


onsengai 温泉街 hot-spring town


samuraimachi, saburaimachi 侍町 samurai district

shakemachi 社家町 special district in some towns like Tsuruga (Fukui) Nishinomiya (Hyogo) or Fukuoka (Fukuoka)

shichuu 市中 in the city, in the town

shigai 市街 streets, city or town

shimogyoo下京 district in Kyoto

shitamachi 下町 traditional working-class neighborhood

. shokuninmachi 職人町 districts with craftsmen .

shootengai 商店街 shopping district

shukubamachi 宿場町 town with lodgings along an old route

shuto 首都 capital, metropolis

suramu スラム slum


teito 帝都 Imperial Capital

teramachi 寺町 temple district

umetatechi 埋立地 reclaimed land district


uramachi 裏町 back-street district


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[図説]お江戸の地名の意外な由来
中江克己


日本橋-神田-上野-入谷-根岸-三ノ輪-吉原-南千住
- source : 東京散歩 -

- #chovillage #districtsinedo -
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. Japanese Architecture - cultural keywords used in haiku .


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