11/12/2015

Renjakucho District Kanda

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Renjakuchoo, Kanda renjaku machi 神田連雀町 Renjaku-Cho district

Now comprising the following districts in Kanda :
神田連雀町 - - - 万世橋 Manseibashi bridge toward 須田町一丁目 Sudacho first district and 、淡路町二丁目 Awajicho second district.
This district existed since 1573, was destroyed by fire in 1657. The inhabitants were relocated to Mitaka, taking the names of 三鷹 地区名 - - 上連雀、下連雀.
Now the 交通博物館 Traffic Museum is the central part of it.

The street vendors kept their backpacks at the entrance of the home. There were also many craftsmen who made the renjaku backpacks.



The name refers to the renjaku 連尺 / 連索 backpacks of the street vendors who lived there, carrying their ware around Edo.
shiyoiko 背負子(しよいこ) "street vendor with a backpack"

renjaku akinai 連尺商い "doing business with a backpack"

. kago 籠 / 篭 / かご basket, baskets of all kinds .
seoi-kago 背負いかご / 背負い籠 backpack basket


The Chinese characters are a pun :
renjaku 連雀 Japanese waxwing, Bombycilla japonica
. WKD : kigo for late autumn .

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江戸行商百姿 - 花咲 一男

. gyooshoonin 行商人 Gyoshonin - street vendors .

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Introducing some sweet stores in Renjaku loved by Ikenami Shotaro
- quote
池波正太郎と神田・連雀町を歩く
神田・連雀町は空襲を受けたのにもかかわらず都心の中で数少ない焼け残った地域です(関東大震災では焼けています)。町名の由来は行商人が背負う荷籠の連尺に因んでいると言われています。
尺が雀に変わって「連雀町」になったそうです。



残念ながら昭和の初めにはこの名前は消えてしまいました。この地域は天正年間(1573)にはすでに町屋が開けており、明暦3年(1657)の振袖火事の後、ここの住民は新田開発の為、現在の三鷹駅の南側に移されています。そのため三鷹の地区名が上連雀、下連雀となっているわけです。また現在の交通博物館の所は中央線の旧万世橋駅です。明治45年に完成していますが万世橋駅を通るはずだった総武線が秋葉原駅から直接お茶の水駅に繋がった為、昭和11年には駅は廃止されています。そのため東京駅にあった交通博物館が旧万世橋駅に移ってきました。昭和初期までは新橋、新宿、上野に負けない大きな繁華街だったそうです.
(「地図から消えた東京の町」から)
- source : tokyo-kurenaidan.com/ikenami-renjyaku

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Renjakumachi れんじゃく町 (Renjaku District)
Kanda Gosairei 神田御祭礼 (The Kanda Festival)

Torii Kiyonaga (鳥居清長)

Girl dressed as the legendary gold merchant Kaneuri Kichiji, seated on a horse piled with cushions, and surrounded by 'attendants', part of the Kanda Festival procession.
- source : britishmuseum.org -

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Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji
a gold merchant of the Heian period, involved in trade with Ôshû, Hiraizumi in Tohoku 奥州の金商人吉次.
He is mentioned in the old records about the Heike, and Yoshitsune.
『平治物語』『平家物語』『義経記』『源平盛衰記』



source : mt-zao-onsen-resort


- quote -
When Shanaō (Ushiwakamaru, later Yoshitsune) was sixteen years old, a merchant named Kitsuji Sueharu (also known as Kaneuri Kichiji or Kichiji Nobutaka) visited Kurama based on rumors of the talented youth. He had no idea what the child in question looked like, but he happened to spot Shanaō while walking the mountain path. He was surprised by the outstanding figure - almost doubted his eyes at the splendor - but Kitsuji knew he found the famous child of Yoshitomo.
When he returned to Oshu, he told Fujiwara no Hidehira of his experience. Hidehira, who was ecstatic to hear that the rumors of Yoshitomo's offspring were true, ordered for the boy to be fetched to Oshu at once. He wished to have the child nearby should the battle against the Heike one day rise again. After being informed about the history behind the rumors, Hidehira was willing to accept the boy as though he were own son, wishing to protect Yoshitomo's lost legacy.
- source : wiki/Yoshitsune_Minamoto -

. Minamoto no Yoshitsune 源の義経 (1159 - 1189) .
- Introduction -
Shanaoo, Shanaō 遮那王 Shanao (his boyhood name at Kurama)
牛若丸 Ushiwakamaru // Hoogan 判官 Hogan (his court title)


Oshu Hidehira Uhatsu no Hanamuko: Kurayama no dan -
奥州秀衡有うはつ壻(おうしゅうひでひらうはつのはなむこ);
Awaji Puppet Theater
- quote -
One day, a Heike warrior Nanba Jûrô came to the foot of Kuramayama mountain in Kyoto. He stopped at a teahouse, which served dengaku (skewered tofu glazed with miso). He came here because he heard that Ushiwakamaru of Genji clan had hidden himself in the mountain. Suddenly, a shout of victory came from the rear mountain. Nanba Jûrô confirmed that Ushiwaka had collected his allies as he suspected and went back to let Heike party know the fact.

Ushiwaka appeared from the rear mountain and easily defeated 5 monk-soldiers of the Kuramayama temple. Viewing this fight, the teahouse manager laughed at defeated poor monks. The monks got angry with the manager and tried to beat him, but they were defeated again this time by the teahouse manager and chased away.

When Ushiwaka tried to fight with the manager, the manager suddenly kneed in front of him and said ‘You are truly the lord Minamoto no Ushiwaka’. In fact, the manager named Kaneuri Kichiji was a servant of the lord Hidehira in Ôshû. He showed Ushiwaka a letter from his lord, which tells that Hidehira wanted to invite Ushiwaka to Ôshû to prepare for a war against Heike. Ushiwaka accepted the proposal and left for Ôshû, disguising himself as a mean road-horse man. Ushiwakamaru was 16 at that time.

In the meantime, Nanba Jûrô came back bringing Heike soldiers with him. Kichiji wore a mask of Tengu (a long-nosed mountain goblin) and tried to threaten and chase them away. But he was discovered as human and he fought with them. Finally, Kichiji destroyed all Heike warriors and hurried for Ôshû, following Ushiwaka.
- source : awajiningyoza.com -



- quote -
Yumeyakata - historical tale of the Oshu-Fujiwara clan
Scene 18: Yoshitsune entering Hiraizumi




Hidehira, the third generation Oshu-Fujiwara, was appointed governor of the area in 1170 and governor of Mutsu in 1181. Hidehira became the most powerful man in Mutsu and was known as the ‘King’ of northern Japan. At the same time, Yoshitsune Minamoto came to Hiraizumi, counting on Hidehira’s help.
Yoshitsune was accompanied by a gold trader named Kaneuri Kichiji.
Yoshitsune was the son of Yoshitomo Minamoto who was defeated by Kiyomori Taira in Heiji Rebellion. The scene depicts Hidehira welcoming Yoshitsune in front of the mansion Kyara-no-gosho.
- source : yumeyakata-historical-tale-of-oshu -

After arranging the meeting of Hidehira and Yoshitsune, Kichiji went back to Kyoto, with many presents and a lot of of gold dust.
At least that is what the legends tell us. There are doubts whether he was a real person or just an addition to the Yoshitsune legends.
Still there are places which claim to have the grave of Kichiji (or his brother) in various parts on the way from Kyoto to Hiraizumi 平泉. Some legends say he was murdered, others say he fell ill and died on the way.

. 牛若丸 Ushiwakamaru - Yoshitsune 義経 .



source : echatxfiles.blog
The mysterious Kaneuri Kichiji

- reference : kaneuri kichiji -

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. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. - Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. densetsu 伝説 Japanese Legends - Introduction .


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