1/22/2016

Bakurocho

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 
Bakurochoo, Bakuro-chō 馬喰町 Bakurocho
日本橋 Nihonbashi Bakurocho




This is quite an old district of Edo.
The head horse dealers 高木源兵衛 Takagi Genbei (Takagi Genbe'e)and 富田半七 Tomita Hanshichi lived there since about 1580. They also traded in cattle.

BAKURO refers to a place for horse riding and horse trading (馬市). It soon became known as a district of inns (hatago 旅籠) where people prepared for their trips out of Edo, buying supplies and gifts of all kinds. From here the Road to Oshu(奥州 街道 Oshu Kaido ) started.
(In the busiest times there were about 40 Hatago inns.)
Therefore there are many wholesale stores in the district, which had four sections.
Section 4 馬喰町四 leads over to Asakusabashi Bridge.
There were also special kujiyado 公事宿 (accomodations for people who came to Edo for trials of lawsuits)
- see below.



Bakurocho was the area where Tokugawa Ieyasu kept a few hundred horsed to prepare for
Sekigahara 関ヶ原出陣 the Battle of Sekigahara.
bakuro 馬工郎 is the old name for the horse owners and traders, who came to live there.
In the nearby districts of 大伝馬町 Odenmacho and 小伝馬町 Kodenmacho there lived more
umakata 馬方 "horse men" in the service of the Bakufu.

The mansions of Bakufu officials dealing with the "eight districts of Kanto", Kan Hasshu 関八州の幕府直轄領 were also located in Bakurocho.



Utagawa Hiroshige: Hatsune Riding Ground
馬喰町 初音の馬場 Hatsune no Baba

This is one of the oldest Horse Grounds in Edo.

The print shows the shop of Murasakiya 紫屋染物店, a cloth dyer,
and
a high hi no mi yagura 火の見櫓 watch tower for fires. The large empty space was a special place to prevent fires from spreading (hiyoke chi 火除け地).



. umakata 馬方 "horse person" .
the owner of the horse or a servant in charge.

bakuroo choo 博労町
An old spelling is bakuroo choo 博労町
bakuroo 博労 Bakuro dealers of horses (馬の善し悪しを鑑定し、売買・仲介をする人)


Close to Bakurocho is also
Yokoyamachoo 日本橋 横山町 Nihonbashi Yokoyama-chō .
Bakuro-Yokoyama is a now district in Tokyo Shitamachi.


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



..............................................................................................................................................

. Edo Nana Fushigi 江戸七不思議 The Seven Wonders of Edo  .


Bakurocho Nana Fushigi 馬喰町七不思議 Seven Wonders of Bakurocho

鼠に似た怪しい異国の獣 - a strange beast from a foreign country, looking like a rat / mouse
卵を生む女房 a woman who was laying eggs (like a hen)
犬の珍しい行為 a dog who behaved in strange ways
天水桶の溺死 someone drowned in a rain water barrel
仲裁後の手傷 hand wound after the arbitration
三日月井戸の暗号 the code of the sickle moon well
先祖の因縁がめぐる御霊社詣 visiting shrines with attachments to the ancestors



馬喰町妖獣殺人事件
風野真知雄 Kazeno Machio (1951 - )

訴訟でやってくる者たちが泊まる〈公事宿〉のひしめく日本橋馬喰町。お裁きがまさに始まろうとした御白州で、獣に食いつかれたような傷を残して公事師が突然死んだ。〝マミ〟が出たという騒ぎ、卵を産んだ女房、三日月井戸. . . 馬喰町七不思議のなかに隠された巨大な悪事に根岸備前守が挑む。
source : ganken.jp/nittoweb/2014


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kujiyado, kuji yado 公事宿(くじやど)lawsuit inn
"lawyers' inn”, suit inn, litigation inn, Gasthaus für Litiganten



公事宿 裏始末4 孤月の剣 / 氷月葵

There were cases where managers and assistant managers of kujiyado were acting as kujishi 公事師, or kujishi were employed by kujiyado (雇下代).
Kujishi is a Japanese term used to refer to persons who would stand in for the relevant parties involved in a lawsuit in the Edo period.

- quote -
In the Edo period, legal matters were taken care of at kujiyado (litigation inns). The owners of these inns were the equivalent of lawyers. Mostly they dealt with disputes over money. Of the 35,000 civil suits that were addressed in 1718, about 33,000 of them involved money.
- reference : factsanddetails.com/japan -

- reference : edo kujiyado -

- quote -
公事訴訟や裁判のために地方から来た者を宿泊させた江戸時代の宿屋。
公事人宿・出入宿・郷宿 Goyado・御用宿 Goyoyado とも呼ばれた。
「公事宿」という名称は主に江戸の宿屋に用いられ、地方の城下町や代官所の陣屋近くにあった宿屋は「郷宿」(ごうやど)と呼ばれることが多かった。両者を総称して「御用宿」(ごようやど)ともいう。また、江戸の公事宿は旅人宿と百姓宿に分けられるが、両者をまとめて江戸宿と呼ぶこともあった。大坂では、大坂町奉行所の御用を勤めた御用宿を用達(ようたし)と呼んだ。
江戸の公事宿は、馬喰町小伝馬町旅人宿、八拾弐軒百姓宿、三拾軒百姓宿(三拾組百姓宿)、それに十三軒組があり、それぞれ仲間組織を形成し、独占営業権を与えられていた。旅人宿は町奉行所と、八拾弐軒組は公事方勘定奉行所、
三拾軒組は馬喰町御用屋敷とそれぞれ密接な関係にあり、百姓宿はそれぞれの役所の近辺に建てられていることが多かった。三拾軒組は関東郡代との結びつきも強く、また八拾弐軒組は評定所・勘定奉行所の出火駆付御用も務めた。三組の仲間組織は、それぞれが役目・権益にまつわる由緒をもち、またそれぞれ得意客のいる縄張りも抱えていた。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. hatago (旅籠, 旅篭) lodgings in Edo .
They were also called hatagoya (旅籠屋).

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

秋の蚊の声や地下鉄馬喰町
aki no ka no koe ya chikatetsu Bakurocho

the voice of
mosquitoes in autumn - underground station
Bakurocho

Tr. Gabi Greve

Oogushi Akira 大串章 Ogushi Akira (1937 - )



Bakuro Yokoyama Subway Station

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



- - - To join me on facebook, click the image !

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]- - - - - #bakurocho #kujiyado - - - -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

No comments: