5/03/2016

Hachiman Shrines Edo

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Hachiman Shrines in the Edo period
八幡宮 Hachiman Gu, 八幡神社 Hachiman Jinja 八幡社 Hachiman no Yashiro / Hachiman Sha

The Warrior Deity Hachiman 八幡神, deification of Emperor Oojin 応神天皇 Ojin,
is quite popular in Japan and there are many shrines in his name.
Another reading of the Chinese characters is YAHATA or YAWATA.


僧形八幡神坐像 東大寺八幡殿蔵
Hachiman as a monk, soogyoo Hachiman
Temple Todai-Ji, Hachiman Hall

Today there are approximately 30,000 Hachimangū shrines nationwide, with the head shrine at
Usa Hachimangū 宇佐八幡宮 Usa Hachimangu in Ōita.

. WKD : Hachiman Shrines and their festivals .

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. Minamoto no Yoshiie Hachimantaro 源八幡太郎義家 Hachimantarō, Hachiman Taro .
(1039 - 1106)
Hachimantaro, an ancestor of Tokugawa Ieyasu 八幡太郎義家は徳川家康の先祖

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Hamamatsu Hachimangu 浜松八幡宮 Shizuoka

Iga Hachimangu 伊賀八幡宮 Aichi

Iwashimizu Hachimangu 石清水八幡宮 Kyoto

Katayama Hachiman Jinja 片山八幡神社 Aichi

Katsushika Hachimangu 葛飾八幡宮 Chiba

Matsudaira Toshogu Hachiman Sha 松平東照宮 八幡神社 Aichi

Nukada Jinja 鹿嶋八幡神社 Ibaraki

Wakamiya Hachiman Sha 若宮八幡社 Aichi

Yamanaka Hachimangu 山中八幡宮 Aichi


source : okazaki-city.forluck.info
伊賀八幡宮 家康 - Iga Hachimangu - Tokugawa Ieyasu
天照大権現 / 東照大権現 Tosho Daigongen 「東の天照大神」


- to be updated
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Setagaya Hachimangū 世田谷 八幡宮 Setagaya Hachimangu


Painted by Hasegawa Settan 1834-1836

Setagaya Hachimangū Shrine is said to have originated when Minamoto no Yoshiie called upon Usa Hachimangū Shrine in Buzen-no-Kuni (now Fukuoka Prefecture) to express gratitude for the successful subjugation of Ōshū. After Tokugawa Ieyasu opened the shogunate government, the shrine received a shogunal charter and became a tutelary shrine of Setagaya village.
- source : library.metro.tokyo.jp/portals -

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. Tomioka Hachimangu 富岡八幡宮 .
Fukagawa Tokyo 深川

. Yoyogi Hachimangu 代々木八幡宮 .
Shibuya, Tokyo 渋谷

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Sailing under the mitsudomoe: Eastern pirates and their worship of Hachiman
Bernhard Scheid (Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna)

In the medieval period, an international network of pirates affected the sea trade between China, Korea, Japan, and the Ryūkyū Islands and even raided the coasts of these countries quite frequently. Although they were known in China as wokou 倭寇 (“Japanese bandits,” Jp. wakō), it is clear from various sources that their ethnic composition was quite diverse and changed over time, including more and more people of Chinese origin. The question of wakō ethnicity has therefore become a focus of recent wakō scholarship. Less attention has been given to the fact that the wakō were obviously devout worshippers of Hachiman, or at least put the name of Hachiman Daibosatsu or his symbols, such as the mitsudomoe (a ring consisting of three interwoven comma shapes), on the flags or sails of their ships.
This seems to be related not only to the Hachiman cult of contemporary warrior houses in Japan, but also to Hachiman worship at the Ryūkyū court. In my paper, I will shed more light on the reasons for this predilection of Hachiman among seafaring outlaws.

- source : eastasian.ucsb.edu/seareligion-




橋本八幡宮の神紋は「右三つ巴」。
綿津見神社の神紋も「右三つ巴」。右三つ巴は宇美八幡宮と織幡神社の神紋と同じ。

- reference source : yascovicci.exblog.jp 橋本八幡宮 -
Fukuoka, Hashimoto 福岡市西区橋本

. mitsudomoe 三つ巴 threefold Tomoe .
... The crest of Hachiman is in the design of a mitsudomoe, a round whirlpool or vortex with three heads swirling right or left.
... the threefold division (Man, Earth, and Sky) at the heart of the Shinto religion.
Originally, it was associated with the Shinto war deity Hachiman, and through that was adopted by the samurai as their traditional symbol.

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- reference : 徳川家康 八幡 -

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The Political Meaning of the Hachiman Cult in Ancient and Early Medieval Japan
"Hachiman River" -- Religious Meanings of the Hachiman Cult: Releasing Living Beings in Hojogawa
The Hachiman Cult and the Dōkyō Incident
Metamorphosis of a Deity: The Image of Hachiman in Yumi Yawata
Tamukeyama Hachimangu Tegaie 2012
- Books and articles by Ross Bender
- source : Ross Bender -



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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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