Showing posts with label - - - Persons - People. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Persons - People. Show all posts

12/27/2017

Persons, People

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Persons and People of Edo - Personen


source : www.heritage-images.com
People of Yedo, Japan


. Edokko 江戸っ子, lit. "child of Edo" .
a person born and raised in Edo

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Abe Masahiro 阿部 正弘 (1819 – 1857) 老中 Roju in the Bakufu Government
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Adams, William Adams "Anjin" 按針 .

. Amakusa Shirō 天草四郎 Amakusa Shiro .
(1621? – April 12, 1638) Nagasaki


Aoki Shukuya 青木夙夜 - nanga painter
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Asahi Shigeaki 朝日重章 . - (1674 - 1718) Samurai and diary writer

. Atsuhime, Atsu-Hime 篤姫 Princess Atsu
Tenshooin 天璋院 Tensho-In .
- (1836 - 1883)



Baba Bunkoo, Baba Bunkō 馬場文耕 Baba Bunko - (1718 - 1759) political writer

. Baisaoo, Baisaō 売茶翁 Baisao, "Old Tea Seller" Zen master .
賣茶翁 (ばいさおう) / 高遊外 Ko Yugai. - (1675 – 1763)

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. - - Bakumatsu  幕末 foreigners in Japan - - .
Aime, Humbert Aime エメ アンベール (1819-1900)
William John Alt - (1840-1905) ウィリアム・オールト
Bird, Isabella Bird, Isabella Lucy Bird イザベラ・バード (1831-1904)
Richard Henry Brunton - (1841 – 1901) - "Father of Japanese lighthouses"
Ranald MacDonald - (1824 – 1894) - first English teacher
- - Kenneth Ross MacKenzie
- - James Mitchell
Laurence Oliphant - (1829 – 1888)
Wirgman, Charles Wirgman チャールズ・ワーグマン(1832 - 1891)
Ernest Satow - Sir Ernest Mason Satow (1843 - 1929) アーネスト・サトウ
Schliemann, Johannes Heinrich Schliemann ハインリヒ・ユリウス・シュリーマン (1822 - 1890)
Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore エリザ・ルアマー・シドモア (1856 - 1928)
Suenson, Edouard Suenson エドゥアルド・スエンソン (1842 - 1921)

- - - - - Jack Seward (1924 – November 2010)

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. Banzuin Chobei 幡随院長兵衛 Chobei of Bandzuin . - (1622–1657)

. Benkei Kozaemon 棟梁弁慶小左衛門 master carpenter .

. Buson, 与謝蕪村 Yosa Buson in Edo .
(1715-1783) - Haiku poet


. bugyoo, bugyō 奉行 Bugyo officials in the Edo government .


. busshi 仏師 Buddhist sculptors and Buddha statues .


. Chaya Shiroojiroo, Chaya Shirōjirō 茶屋四郎次郎 Chaya Shirojiro merchant family .
Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyonobu 茶屋四郎次郎清信 (1545-1596)
Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyotada  茶屋清忠 (1584-1603)
Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyotsugu  茶屋清次 (1584-1622)


. Daidôzan Bungorô 大童山文五郎 Daidozan Bungoro .
(1788 - 1822) - "Great Child Mountain" Sumo wrestler



. dokufu 毒婦 "poisonous woman" .
Hanai O-Ume 花井お梅
Harada O-Kinu 原田お絹 / Yoarashi O-Kinu 夜嵐お絹
O-Miyo no Kata お美代の方 Senkoin 専行院 
Shirakoya O-Kuma 白子屋お熊
Takahashi O-Den 高橋お伝
Torioi O-Matsu 鳥追お松
Yaoya o-Shichi 八百屋お七


. dooshin, dōshin  同心 Doshin, police officers .
onmitsu dooshin 隠密同心 secret police officers
yoriki 与力 police sergant
meakashi 目明し -okappiki 岡引  semi-official detectives


. Edo Taroo Shigenaga 江戸太郎重長 Edo Taro Shigenaga   .
- The Edo Clan of the Musashi Taira 武蔵江戸氏 Musashi Edo-Shi


. Egawa Tarozaemon 江川太郎左衛門 . - (1801-1855) - Scholar - Hidetatsu Egawa

. Enku 円空 Master Carver .
(1632?~1695)


. Fujiokaya Yoshizoo 藤岡屋由蔵 Fujiokaya Yoshizo . - (1739 - )
- Sudoo Yoshizoo 須藤由蔵 Sudo Yoshizo - Honyoshi 本由


. Fukagawa Hachiroemon 深川八郎右衛門 . - active around 1596. Headman of Fukagawa

Fukami Jikyu - samurai Edokko
source : www.myjapanesehanga.com

Furuyama Moromasa 古山師政 Ukiyoe painter, Edo

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gesakusha 戯作者 writers of light fiction in Edo
author of popular stories -
Kibyooshi 黄表紙 Kibyoshi "Yellow cover" magazines and kokkeibon 滑稽本 comic writing

.
Jippensha Ikku 十返舎一九 (1765 - 1831) .

Santoo Kyooden 山東京伝 Santo Kyoden (1761 - 1816)
Tamenaga Shunsui 為永春水 (1790 - 1843)

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. Glover, Thomas Blake Glover トーマス グラバー (1838 - 1911) .
Merchant in Nagasaki


. Go Saga Tenno, Gosaga Tenno 後嵯峨天皇 "Saga the Second". - (1220 - 1272)


. Habu Genseki Habu 土生玄碩 (1762 - 1848) . - Medical doctor

. Hanabusa Itchoo, Itchō 英一蝶 Hanabusa Itcho . (1652 – 1724) - painter

. hatamoto 旗本 samurai class .

. Hayashi Razan 林羅山 . - (1583 - 1657) - Neo-Confucian philosopher

. Hidari Jingoroo 左甚五郎 Hidari Jingoro . - left-handed carpenter - legends

. Hiki Ikkan 飛来一閑 . (1578年?~明暦3年(1657年)
papier-machee style lacquerer

. Hiraga Gennai 平賀源内 . (1728 - 80)


. Hijiri ひじり【聖】”holy men", mendicant monks .

. Hiroshige - 安藤広重 Ando Hiroshige, 歌川広重 Utagawa Hiroshige .
One Hundred Famous Views of Edo - Meisho Yedo Hiakkei 名所江戸百景
- - - - - source : www.hiroshige.org.uk


. Hoshina Masayuki 保科 正之 . (1611 - 1673). Founder of the Matsudaira clan of Aizu.



. Ichiroo 一路 Ichiro "One Road" - 小野寺一路 Onodera Ichiro .

. Iba Hachiroo 伊庭八郎 Iba Hachiro . - (1844 - 1869) Samurai and diary writer

. Ii Naosuke 井伊直弼 -- Hikone 彦根 and Sakuradamon . - (1815 - 1860)

. Ina Hanzaemon Tadanobu 伊奈半左衛門忠順 . (? - 1712)

Inoo Tadataka, Inō 伊能忠敬 Ino Tadataka, Inoh Tadataka
(1745 - 1818) cartographer

Issa - . Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .
- Haiku Poet

. Isshin Tasuke 一心太助 fictional fishmonger in Edo .


Iwahashi Zenbei 岩橋善兵衛 (1756–1811) observed the sky -
heitengi 平天儀 to measure celestial bodies
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Iwasaki Yataroo 岩崎弥太郎 Iwasaki Yataro (1834 - 1885) . Founder of Mitsubishi 三菱

. Izawa Yasobei 井沢弥惣兵衛 (1654 - 1738) and the waterworks at Minuma 見沼  .

. Izu no Choohachi 伊豆の長八 Izu no Chohachi - Irie Choohachi 入江長八 Irie Chohachi .
(1815 - 1889) wall plasterer artist


. Jan Joosten van Lodensteyn - (1557 - 1623) .
ヤン・ヨーステン ファン・ローデンスタイン / 耶揚子
Yayosugashi district 八代洲河岸 / Yaesu 八重洲 named after him

. Jiun Onkoo 慈雲飲光 Priest Jiun Onko . (1718 – 1804/1805)


. Kamada Matahachi (Kamata Matahachi) 鎌田又八 . (? 1657) loyal retainer, strong man

. Kasuga no Tsubone 春日局 Lady Kasuga. - (1579 – 1643)

. Katoo Tamikichi 加藤民吉 Kato Tamikichi .
(1772 - 1824) - the "father of porcelain" it Seto, Aichi.

. Keian 慶庵 / 桂庵 Keian matchmaker .
- - - - - doctor Yamato Keian 大和慶庵 (around 1653)

Kin Noo 金農 Kin-Nou, Kin No (1687 - 1764) painter
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Komusoo 虚無僧 Komuso monks and Shakuhachi flute players .

Koo Fuyoo 高芙蓉 Ko Fuyo (1722 - 1784) painter
literati (bunjin 文人)

. kyookaku 侠客 Kyokaku, "chivalrous Yakuza" .
Banzuiin Chōbei 幡随院長兵衛 Banzuin Chobei . (1622–1657)
Kunisada Chuuji 国定忠治 Kunisada Chuji . (1810-1851)
Shimizu no Jirocho 清水次郎長 . (1820-1893)
Shinmon Tatsugoro 新門辰五郎 . (?1792 / ?1800 - 1875)



Matsudaira shi 松平氏 Matsudaira clan
Matsudaira Motoyasu changed his name to Tokugawa Ieyasu . . .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Matsudaira Naonori 松平直矩 . - (1642 - 1695) Samurai and diary writer

. Matsudaira Nobutsuna 松平信綱 (1596 – 1662) .


. Matsui Gensui 松井源水 spinning top juggler family . - Asakusa, Edo

. Matsuo Basho in Edo 松尾芭蕉 .
(1644 - 1694) - Haiku Poet

Meisho - Empress Meishō (1623–96)
and Cultural Pursuits at the Japanese Imperial Court"
by Elizabeth Lillehoj, DePaul University
- source : facebook -

. Mito Koomon 水戸黄門 Mito Komon .
Tokugawa Mitsukuni 徳川 光圀
July 11, 1628 - January 14, 1701

. Mizuno Heikuroo 水野兵九郎 Mizuno Heikuro - Setomonoya.

Mizuno Tadakuni 水野忠邦 (1794 – 1851) - Sōshaban (Master of Ceremonies)
Mizuno Tadamasa (水野忠政) and other MIZUNO officials in the Edo Bakufu

. Moriyama Takamori 森山孝盛 . - (1738 - 1815) Samurai and diary writer


. Nakae Tooju 中江藤樹 Nakae Tōju (1608 – 1648) .
Confucian philosopher - "the sage of Ōmi" 近江聖人

. Nami no Ihachi 波の伊八 "Ihachi the carver of waves" .
(1751-1824)

. Nichoosai, Nichōsai 耳鳥斎 Nichosai, Nicho-sai . - (?1751 - 1802/03) Painter from Osaka

. Nezumi Kozō ねずみ小僧 / 鼠小僧 Nezumi Kozo, a famous thief .

. Ninmiya Sontoku 二宮尊徳 . - (1787-1856)- studying food

. Nitta Yoshioki 新田義興 . (? - 1358) and
矢口渡 Yaguchi no Watashi



. Oguri Tadamasa 小栗 忠順 - Oguri Kozukenosuke 小栗上野介 . - (1827 - 1868) - Statesman

. Oni-Azami Seikichi 鬼あざみ清吉 - famous thief, bandit . *

. Onogawa Kisaburō 小野川喜三郎 Onogawa Kisaburo . - (1758 - 1806) Sumo wrestler

Ookubu Shibutsu 大窪詩佛 Okubo Shibutsu (1767 - 1837) Poet
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Ooka Echizen, 大岡越前 Oka Echizen, .
Ōoka Tadasuke (大岡 忠相) (1677 - 1752) - Governor of Edo (machi bugyoo 町奉行)


. Ookubo Hikozaemon 大久保彦左衛門 - Okubo Tadataka 大久保 忠教 . (1560 - 1639)

. Oota Dookan 太田道灌 Ota Dokan .
(1432-1486) Builder of Edo Castle

. Oota Nanpo 大田南畝 Ota Nanpo, Ota Nampo - 蜀山人 Shokusanjin . (1749 - 1823)



Rai Sanyoo 頼山陽 Rai Sanyo (1781- 1832)poet
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Ryuutatsu 隆達 Ryutatsu - 高三隆達 Takasabu Ryutatsu .
(1527 - 1611)
- - - - - and a monk named Roosai 弄斎 Rosai.



. Saito Gesshin 斉藤月岑 (1804 - 1878) .
----- . 斎藤月岑 Saito Gesshin . - (1674 - 1718) Samurai and diary writer

. Sakai Banshiroo 酒井伴四郎 Sakai Banshiro . - (1833 - ?) Samurai and diary writer

. Sakamoto Ryooma (Ryuuma) 坂本竜馬 Sakamoto Ryoma (1836 - 1867) .

. Sanada Yukimura and the Sanada clan 真田幸村 . - (1567 -1615) Sanadamaru 真田丸

. Sengai Gibon 仙厓義梵 (1751–1837) .

. sendoo sendō 船頭 boatsman, ferryman, chief fisherman .

. shakan, sakan 左官 plasterer, stucco master .

. Shibata Zeshin 柴田是真 (1807 - 1891) and laquer ware .

. Shibukawa Shunkai 渋川春海 Shibukawa Harumi .
- (1639 - 1715) astronomer and go player


. Shinsengumi 新選組 Group of Samurai to protect Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi .

. shokunin  職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .
- - - - - takumi 匠 master craftsman

Siebold, Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796 - 1866)
German physician, botanist, and traveler. Stayed in Dejima, Nagasaki.


. Sukeroku 助六 - Hero of Edo .

. Sumitomo family 住友家, Osaka .

. Suruga Dainagon 駿河大納言 ー Tokugawa Tadanaga 徳川忠長 . - (1606 – 1634)

. Suuden, Konchi-In Suuden 金地院崇伝 Priest Konchin Suden - Ishin Suuden 以心崇伝 .


. Suzuki Shigenari 鈴木重成 .
(1588 - 1653)


. Tachibana Sakon no Shogen 立花左近将監 from Fukuoka / Asakusa .

. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – March 25, 940) .

. Takadaya Kahei 高田屋嘉兵衛 .
(1769 - 1827) Merchant from Awajishima 淡路島, Shikoku

. 高松喜六 Takamatsu Kiroku (? - 1713) . and 内藤新宿 Naito Shinjuku

. Takano Chooei, Takano Chōei 高野長英 Takano Choei . - (1804 - 1850) . Doctor

. Takatsu Ihee, Ihei 高津伊兵衛 (1679 - ) .
Iseya 伊勢屋 Iseya Store and Iseya Ihee 伊勢屋伊兵衛

. Tani Bunchō, Tani Bunchoo 谷 文晁 Tani Buncho . (1763 - 1841)
literati (bunjin 文人) painter and poet.

. Tanuma Okitsugu 田沼意次 (1719 - 1788) Edo councillor .

. Tanzenburo Katsuyama Tanzen Buro Katsuyama 丹前風呂勝山 . - lady of pleasure

. Tokiwazu Moji Tayuu 常磐津 文字太夫 Tokiwazu Mojitayu . - (1709 - 1781)
and the Joruri Tokiwazu-bushi 常磐津節

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- Tokugawa Shogun 将軍徳川家

Tokugawa Hidetada 徳川秀忠 (1579 - 1632) - Second Shogun
He died from a worm infection of マンソン孤虫 Schistosoma mansoni.

. Tokugawa Iemitsu 徳川家光 Third Shogun . - (1604 – 1651)
and his reimuzoo 霊夢像 Reimuzo, Oracle Dream Images of Ieyasu

. Tokugawwa Ieyasu 徳川家康 First Shogun . - (1543 - 1616)

. Tokugawa Muneharu 徳川宗春 . - (1696 - 1764) - Nagoya

. Tokugawa Yoshimune 徳川吉宗 . (1684 - 1751)

. Tokugawa Yoshinobu 徳川慶喜 . - (1873 - 1913) The Last Shogun

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. Tomokuroo 鬘師の友九郎 Kabuki wig maker Tomokuro .


. Tooyama 遠山景元 Toyama Saemon no Jo Kagemoto .
(1793 – 1855) - Tōyama no Kin-san (遠山の金さん)

. Tsuchiya Goroemon 土屋五郎右衛門 . - and Konyachō 神田紺屋町 Konya-Cho Indigo dyeing

. Tsuruya Kiemon 鶴屋喜右衛門 Publisher 仙鶴堂 Senkakudo .

Tsuruya Nanboku 鶴屋南北 Tsuruya Namboku IV
Ebiya Genzō, Dai Namboku (1755 - 1892) playwright of macaber and supernatural stories.
Married to the daughter of Tsuruya Nanboku, the Kabuki actor.

. Tsutaya Jūzaburō 蔦屋重三郎 Tsutaya Jusaburo . (1750 - 1797) Publisher



Ukita Kookichi - Ukita Kōkichi - Ukita Kokichi 浮田 幸吉, 1757 - 1847
aviation pioneer from Okayama
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Uzawa Shoogetsu 鵜沢松月 Uzawa Shogetsu (1853 - 1923) and laquer ware .


Yagyu clan
Yagyū Munenori 柳生 宗矩 (1571 – 1646)
his father Yagyū "Sekishūsai" Muneyoshi.
Munenori's sons, Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi (Yagyu Jubei) and Yagyū Munefuyu.


Yanagawa Kooran 梁川紅蘭 Yanagawa Koran (1804 - 1879) Poet
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Yanagisawa Nobutoki 柳沢信鴻 . - (1724 - 1792) Samurai and diary writer

. Yoshimune, 8th Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshimune 徳川吉宗 . (1684 - 1751)


. zatoo 座頭 blind people, often playing the biwa .

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. Daruma Pilgrims .


All people mentioned in the Darumapedia :
. PERSONS - index - PERSONEN .


to be updated
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12/10/2016

The Edo Clan

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. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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The Edo Clan of the Musashi Taira 武蔵江戸氏 Musashi Edo-Shi

They lived in the hamlet 江戸郷 Edo Go, their Homeland in the Musashi Plain. It was located in the
日比谷の入江 Hibiya no Irie inlet.
Edo 江戸 means "estuary", lit. "inlet door", "entrance to the inlet".

Other clans who lived in the Edo area before Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Bakufu government:



畠山氏 Hatakeyama clan in 深谷 Fukaya
河越氏 Kawagoe clan in 川越 Kawagoe
豊島氏 Toyoshima clan in 川口 Kawaguchi


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- quote
The Edo clan were a minor offshoot of the Taira clan,
and first fortified the settlement known as Edo, which would later become Tokyo. The Imperial Palace now stands at this location.
During the Azuchi-Momoyama period, the clan was renamed the 武蔵喜多見氏 Musashi Kitami clan.
The clan originated in Chichibu in Musashi Province (now Saitama Prefecture). In the late 12th century,
江戸重継 Edo Shigetsugu (Chichibu Shigetsugu) moved south and fortified the little hill at Edo, located where the Sumida River enters Tokyo Bay. This area later became the Honmaru and Ninomaru portions of Edo Castle. There, the Edo grew in military strength under the second patriarch, Edo Shigenaga.

In August 1180, Shigenaga attacked Muira Yoshizumi, an ally of the rival Minamoto clan. Three months later, he switched sides just as Minamoto Yoritomo entered Musashi. Shigenaga assisted the Minamoto in overthrowing the Taira in Kyoto. In return, Yoritomo granted Shigenaga seven new estates in Musashi Province, including Kitami in what is now Tokyo's western Setagaya Ward.

Records show that in 1457, Edo Shigeyasu surrendered his main base at Edo to Ota Dokan. Dokan was a vassal of the powerful Ōgigayatsu branch of the Uesugi clan under Uesugi Sadamasa. Sadamasa was the Kanto-Kanrei for the Ashikaga. Dokan built Edo castle on the site. The Edo clan then moved to Kitami.

In 1593, in a pledge of obedience to Tokugawa Ieyasu, Edo Katsutada changed the clan name to Kitami. Katsutada was employed by the first and second Tokugawa shoguns, reaching the position of Magistrate of Sakai, south of Osaka. Katsutada's grandson-in-law, Shigemasa, found favor with the fifth shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi. He rose from the position of hatamoto, with a stipend of one thousand koku, to sobayonin, or "Grand Chamberlain", with a stipend of twenty thousand. It was an influential post, responsible for relaying messages between the shogun and his senior councilors. He was also awarded a large domain in 1686. However, the clan's fortunes suddenly plummeted. In 1689, Shigemasa's nephew violated the Shogunate taboo on bloodshed. Shigemasa had to forfeit his status and property and was banished to Ise, where he died in 1693 at age 36. The 500-year-old Edo clan essentially ceased as a recognized clan.
Tombstones of several generations of the clan are at 慶元寺 Keigen-Ji, a Buddhist temple founded in 1186 by Edo Shigenaga, in Kitami.
The name later changed to 常陸江戸氏 Hitachi Edo-Shi.
- source : wikipedia



江戸重長 Edo Taro Shigenaga  
was the second head of the Edo clan. He first settled and lent his name to the fishing village Edo that eventually grew to become Tokyo.
He was also known as Edo Taroo 江戸太郎 Edo Taro.
In 1180, Shigenaga was asked by Minamoto Yoritomo to cooperate in his uprising against rule of the Taira in Kyoto. Hesitant at first, Shigenaga eventually helped Yoritomo overthrow the Taira rule. Yoritomo granted Shigenaga seven new estates in Musashi Province, including Kitami in what is now Tokyo's western Setagaya Ward.

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source : 4travel.jp/travelogue/10825822

Graves of the Musashi Kitami Clan - 江戸氏之墓所
慶元寺 Keigen-Ji - see below

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- quote -
The ones who got there first
Four centuries before Tokugawa Ieyasu arrived at Edo, a fierce band of mounted warriors had already fortified the hill where Ieyasu would build his magnificent Edo Castle, and on which the Imperial Palace now stands.

In the late 12th century, the Edo clan, as these warriors called themselves, had moved south from Chichibu in present-day Saitama Prefecture led by their patriarch, Edo Shigetsugu. Seizing Edo, they rapidly built up their military presence in the southern Kanto Plain to such a point that, in 1180, Shigenaga, the second clan head, was asked by Minamoto Yoritomo (1147-99) to cooperate in his uprising against the great Taira family in Kyoto.

Shigenaga was not easily persuaded, but eventually lent his power to Yoritomo in overthrowing Taira rule. In appreciation, Yoritomo granted Shigenaga seven new estates in Musashi Province, including Kitami in what is now Tokyo’s western Setagaya Ward.

Little is known about the Edo clan in the turbulent Kamakura Period that began with Yoritomo’s founding of a shogunate in that city in 1192; nor do we know of their fate during the Kyoto-based shogunate known as the Muromachi Period, that ran from 1338-1573. However, records show that in 1457, Edo Shigeyasu surrendered his main base at Edo to Ota Dokan (1432-86), a vassal of Uesugi Sadamasa, Governor of the Kanto Plain, and moved to Kitami. Dokan then built a castle on the site with views of Mount Fuji and Edo Bay, before being killed by an assassin sent by his own master in 1486. The castle was then abandoned until it was taken over by Ieyasu in 1590.

In a pledge of obedience to Ieyasu, Edo Katsutada changed the clan name to Kitami in 1593. Katsutada was employed by the first and second shoguns, reaching the position of Magistrate of Sakai, south of Osaka.

His grandson-in-law, Shigemasa, bathed in the special favor of the fifth shogun and rose to the rank of daimyo by 1682. Promoted to a sobayonin (grand chamberlain), whose influential role was to relay messages between the shogun and his senior councilors, he was awarded a further large domain in 1686.

From this zenith of happiness, however, Shigemasa’s fortunes plummeted — and with them, those of the Edo clan. In 1689, Shigemasa’s nephew violated the shogunal taboo on bloodshed and the family was held collectively responsible. As punishment, Shigemasa forfeited his status and all property and was banished to Ise, where he died in 1693 at age 36. His kin was similarly punished, and with that the 500-year-old Edo clan vanished.

To this day, however, memories of the first possessor of Edo linger on at Keigen-ji in Kitami, Setagaya Ward, an impressive Buddhist temple founded in 1186 by Edo Shigenaga. Tombstones of several generations of the clan, some quite eroded but others recently renovated, huddle together in a corner of the graveyard, tied eternally by their invisible bond of kinship.
- source : Japan Times 2003 - Sumiko Enbutsu -

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Keigenji 慶元寺 Keigen-Ji
永劫山 花林院 慶元寺 Eigosan Karin-In Keigen-Ji

世田谷区喜多見4-17-1 / 4 Chome-17-1 Kitami, Setagaya ward
浄土宗 Jodo Sect.

Apart from the main temple hall, it has a 鐘楼 bell tower and a 三重堂 three-story pagoda.


source and more photos : tesshow.jp/setagaya

The main statue is 阿弥陀如来 Amida Nyorai.
Edo Taro Shigenaga founded this temple, then called 岩戸山大沢院東福寺 Tofuku-Ji in 1186, which then belonged to the 天台宗 Tendai sect.
In 1451 it was relocated to 成城(元喜多見) Seijo (Moto Kitami) and found its final place in 1468.
In 1540, the priest 空誉上人 / 空与(空與)/ 空与守欣上人 Kuyo Shonin revitalized the temple, which had lost its importance. The name changed 上山華林院慶元寺 and now it belonges to the Jodo Sect.
In 1636, Shogun Iemitsu awarded the temple with land of 10石 (about 1ha(10000㎡), annexing 6 temples in the neighborhood.

Number 4 in the pilgrimage to 33 Kannon temples along the Tamagawa 多摩川三十三ヶ所観音霊場.




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Kitami eki 喜多見駅 Kitami station
on the Odakyu Railway Line, on the border between Setagaya Ward and Komae City.
The name of the area,
Kitami
, (also written 北見)
is thought to originate from an ancient Ainu word meaning "flat, wooded place".
- quote wikipedia -



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- Some further History -
... The Kantō Plain appears to have first been populated in the Late Jōmon Period sometime after 3100 BC. ...
... Kofun Period (200-500 AD) : It seems that around the 300’s, Kantō became a vassal state of the Yamato Court. There are more than 200 Kofun in the Tōkyō Metropolis.
丸山古墳 Maruyama Kofun “Round Mountain” Kofun is in 芝公園 Shiba Kōen park ...


... “A feudal warlord named Ōta Dōkan came into the small fishing village of Edo and built his castle there.”...
... “Though it was once an insignificant village in the marshy wetlands,
Tokugawa Ieyasu transformed Edo into a glorious capital befitting of the shōgun.”...
... The Edo clan still had a residence in Kitami, which is present day Setagawa Ward. In light of Tokugawa Ieyasu’s dominance over the area, it would be presumptuous (and confusing) for a clan to retain the name of the capital city when a new daimyō, appointed by the unifier of Japan, controlled that city. So in 1593, taking an oath of submission and fealty to Tokugawa Ieyasu, the last Edo Clan daimyō gave up the name Edo and assumed the name, Kitami, which was where their primary holdings were. ...
... In 1693, the direct family line, no longer Edo but Kitami, was extinguished after the banishment of Kitami Shigeyasu to Ise when his grandson murdered somebody or something.
... At the height of Tokugawa power, the castle is said to have been the biggest in the world and the city was likely the most populous.
- More details and history about the name of EDO -
- source : japanthis.com/2013 -

. Oota Dookan 太田道灌 Ota Dokan (1432 - 1486) .

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- - - - - Now we come to September 3rd, 1868 :
慶応4年7月17日(西暦では1868年9月3日)
Edo o shooshite Tōkyō to nasu shoosho 江戸を称して東京と為すの詔書
江戸ヲ称シテ東京ト為スノ詔書


Imperial Edict Renaming Edo to Tōkyō.

私は、今政治に自ら裁決を下すこととなり、全ての民をいたわっている。
江戸は東国で第一の大都市であり、四方から人や物が集まる場所である。当然、私自らその政治をみるべきである。よって、以後江戸を東京と称することとする。これは、私が国の東西を同一視するためである。
国民はこの私の意向を心に留めて行動しなさい。

"I at this time settle all matters of state myself in the interest of the people.
Edo is the largest city in the eastern provinces, a place in which things gather from every direction. It were well that
I should personally oversee its governance. Therefore from this time on I shall call it“Tokyo”(Eastern Capital).
This is so that I might oversee all affairs in the land equally, from east to west.
Let the people heed this my will."

- reference source : wikipedia -

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- reference : Edo Shigenaga -
- reference : Kitami Edo Tokyo -

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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #edoclan #edoshigenaga #kitamitokyo #edohistory - - - -
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11/02/2016

Authors Edo Period

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. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Authors and writers of the Edo period

. Books, Printing and Publishing in Edo .

. Edo no gaidobukku 江戸のガイドブック Guidebooks for Edo .
Asai Ryoi / Kinko Entsu / Kagiya Heiemon / Toda Mosui / Kikuoka Senryo / Tajihi Chikatomo / Mishima Masayuki / Kamiya Nobuyori

under construction
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江戸艶本(えほん)ベストセラー Edo Ehon Bestsellers
林美一 Hayashi Yoshikazu (1922 - 1999)


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- - - - - besutoseraa ベストセラー bestseller authors :

Jippensha Ikku 十返舎一九 (1765 – 1831)

. Tōkaidōchū Hizakurige 東海道中膝栗毛 Shank's Mare .
Yajirobē (彌次郎兵衛) and Kitahachi (喜多八) walking along the Tokaido road.

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Santo Kyoden 山東京伝 (1761 - 1816)
心学早染草 Shingaku Hayasomegusa / "Quick-dye Mind Study"

. . . CLICK here for more Photos !

Santō Kyōden - Kyōya Denzō 京屋伝蔵
He wrote Kibyōshi, Sharebon, Yomihon and Historical works
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Takizawa Bakin 滝沢馬琴 / Kyokutei Bakin 曲亭馬琴 (1767 - 1848)
曲亭 馬琴 Kyokutei Bakin, 澤興邦 Takizawa Okikuni

. 南総里見八犬伝 Nansō Satomi Hakkenden . (fb)
The Chronicles of the Eight Dog Heroes of the Satomi Clan of Nansô

. Types of Dragons explained in the Satomi Hakkenden .

In 1803 the first Haikai Saijiki Shiorigusa (Kanzoo) 俳諧歳時記栞草 was compiled by Takizawa Bakin, with about 2600 seasonal themes and topics (kidai) and 3300 kigo.
. History of Saijiki .

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Ryutei Tanehiko 柳亭種彦 (1783 - 1842)

偐紫田舎源氏 Nise Murasaki inaka Genji
The Rustic Genji, False Murasaki and a Country Genji
or
A Fraudulent Murasaki's Bumpkin Genji

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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- - - - - ABC List - - - - -

. Baba Bunkoo, Baba Bunkō 馬場文耕 Baba Bunko . (1718 - 1759)

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Domyaku Sensei 銅脈先生 (1752 - 1801)

太平楽府がふ
勢多唐巴詩せたのからはし

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. Hanabusa Itchoo, Itchō 英一蝶 Hanabusa Itcho . (1652 – 1724)
painter, calligrapher, and haiku poet.

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. Hiraga Gennai 平賀源内 . (1728 - 1780)

Author, Inventor, Naturalist, free spirit of Edo

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. Hirata Atsutane 平田篤胤 - kokugakusha . (1776 – 1843)

Tengu 仙境異聞 Senkyo Ibun / 寅吉物語 Torakichi Monogatari
- translated by Wilburn Hansen
When Tengu Talk: Hirata Atsutane's Ethnography of the Other World

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Ichikawa Kansai 市河寛斎 (1749 - 1820)

Songs of the Northern Quarter
日本詩紀 -
全唐詩逸

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Kawatake Mokuami 河竹黙阿弥 (1816 - 1893)

三人吉三廓初買

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. Karai Senryu 柄井川柳 . (1718 - 1790)

Haifu-Yanagidaru 誹風柳多留 Senryu Poetry Collection


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Nishimura Hakucho 西村白鳥  ( around 1773 )

Enka Kidan 煙霞綺談 Strange tales of smoke and mist, ghost stories and historical notes

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Ryutei Rijo 滝亭鯉丈 (?- 1841)

Hanagoyomi 花暦八笑人 Eight footloose fools


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Shiba Zenko 芝全交  (1750 - 1793)


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Shikitei Sanba 式亭三馬 (1776 - 1822)

In the world of men, nothing but lies

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Tadano Makuzu 只野真葛  (1765 - 1825)

Tales from the North 奥州波奈志(おうしゆうはなし)


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Tamenaga Shunsui 為永春水 (1790 - 1843)

The Plum Calendar 春色梅児誉美うめごよみ

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Terakado Seiken 寺門静軒 (1796 - 1868)

An account of the prosperity of Edo 江戸繁昌記 Edo hanjoki



- quote -
Terakado Seiken's "Blossoms Along the Sumida" Bokusui Ooka
- source : Andrew Markus - PDF file (21 pages)

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Tsuruya Nanboku IV 鶴屋南北  (1755 - 1829)
Ebiya Genzō

Dramatist and Kabuki playwrite

He wrote plays with supernatural themes and macabre and grotesque characters.
- reference : tsuruya nanboku -

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. Ueda Akinari 上田秋成 . (1734 - 1809)

雨月物語 Ugetsu Monogatari - Tales of Moonlight and Rain

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Umebori Kokuga 梅暮里谷峨 (1750 - 1821)

At a fork on the road to hiring a hooker
青楼五ツ雁金」「傾城買二筋道」「廓さとの癖」

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Yamaoka Matsuake  山岡浚明 (1726 - 1780)

跖婦人伝 Seki the Night Hawk



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. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]- - - - - #authorsedo #bestsellersedo - - - -
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10/30/2016

Atsuhime Tenshoin Satsuma

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. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Atsuhime, Atsu-Hime 篤姫 Princess Atsu
Tenshooin 天璋院 Tensho-In

(1836 - 1883)

- quote -
the wife of Tokugawa Iesada (徳川 家定), the 13th Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan



She born as the daughter from Shimazu Tadatake (島津忠剛) was the head of Imaizumi Shimazu (今和泉島津) branch family of the Shimazu in Satsuma with his wife named lady oyuki

She was originally named Katsu (一) by her parents. When she was adopted by Shimazu Nariakira, her name was changed to Atsuko (篤子), and later changed to Fujiwara no Sumiko (藤原の敬子) when she was adopted by Konoe Tadahiro.

Tenshōin was born in Kagoshima in 1835. In 1853, she became the adopted daughter of Shimazu Nariakira. On August 21, 1853, she travelled by land from Kagoshima via Kokura to the Edo jurisdiction, never to return to Kagoshima again.

Atsuko was thought to have been sent to Edo castle with the aim of helping Shimazu Nariakira politically. The question of the next heir to the Shogunate was divided between the choice of Tokugawa Yoshinobu, then head of the Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa house and Tokugawa Yoshitomi, then head of Kii-Tokugawa house and later known as Tokugawa Iemochi. In order to ensure that Yoshinobu became the next in succession, Atsuko was arranged to wed into the Tokugawa clan.

In November, 1856, Atsuko married Tokugawa Iesada. In 1858, both Tokugawa Iesada and Shimazu Nariakira died. The 14th shogun was decided to be Tokugawa Iemochi. Following the demise of her husband, Atsuko took the tonsure, becoming a Buddhist nun, and took the name Tenshōin. In 1862, as part of the Kōbu Gattai ("Union of Court and Bakufu") movement, Iemochi was married to Imperial Princess Kazu-no-Miya Chikako daughter of Emperor Ninkō, and younger sister of Emperor Kōmei.
The Satsuma clan brought up the request for Tenshōin to return to Satsuma, but was rejected by Tenshōin herself. In 1866, Iemochi died. Tokugawa Yoshinobu became the next shogun. During the Meiji Restoration, Tenshōin and Seikan'in (Kazu-no-Miya's name after tonsure) helped negotiate for the peaceful surrender of Edo Castle.

She spent her remaining years nurturing Tokugawa Iesato, the 16th head of the Tokugawa clan. In 1883, she died in Edo at the age of 48. She was buried in Kaneiji in Ueno, Tokyo, together with her husband, Iesada.

The 2008 NHK Taiga drama Atsuhime (fifty episodes) was a dramatization of her life.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !



Atsuhime (drama)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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- quote
The Shogun's Queen: The Shogun Quartet
Lesley Downer

Only one woman can save her world from barbarian invasion but to do so will mean sacrificing everything she holds dear - love, loyalty and maybe life itself . . .



Japan, and the year is 1853. Growing up among the samurai of the Satsuma Clan, in Japan's deep south, the fiery, beautiful and headstrong Okatsu has - like all the clan's women - been encouraged to be bold, taught to wield the halberd, and to ride a horse.
But when she is just seventeen, four black ships appear. Bristling with cannon and manned by strangers who to the Japanese eyes are barbarians, their appearance threatens Japan’s very existence. And turns Okatsu’s world upside down.
Chosen by her feudal lord, she has been given a very special role to play. Given a new name - Princess Atsu - and a new destiny, she is the only one who can save the realm. Her journey takes her to Edo Castle, a place so secret that it cannot be marked on any map. There, sequestered in the Women’s Palace - home to three thousand women, and where only one man may enter: the shogun - she seems doomed to live out her days. But beneath the palace's immaculate facade, there are whispers of murders and ghosts. It is here that Atsu must complete her mission and discover one last secret - the secret of the man whose fate is irrevocably linked to hers: the shogun himself . . .
- source : amazon.co.uk/gp


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .


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10/26/2016

Chaya Shirojiro

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. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Chaya Shirōjirō 茶屋四郎次郎 Chaya Shirojiro



- quote
Chaya Shirōjirō
was the name of a series of wealthy and influential Kyoto-based merchants who took part in the red-seal trade licensed under the Tokugawa shogunate. Members of the Chaya family, they were also centrally involved in the country's production and trade in textiles. Along with the Suminokura and Gotō families, the Chaya were one of the top merchant families in Edo period Kyoto.

Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyonobu 茶屋四郎次郎清信 (1545-1596)
likely the first of the line, was the son of a ronin of the Nakajima family, descended from lords of a territory in Owari province. His father, a friend of Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiteru, was crippled in the wars of the Sengoku period. Adopted into the Chaya family, he established a humble business in Kyoto making drapes. He developed a strong business relationship with one of his clients, Matsudaira Hirotada, and later sent his son Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyonobu to Mikawa province to serve as a squire to Hirotada's son, now known as Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Kiyonobu thus became one of the primary suppliers of the Tokugawa family, and quickly came into great wealth and influence in Kyoto. He accompanied Ieyasu in battle, at both the Mikatagahara (1573), and served him in other ways, as an intelligence agent in Kyoto and in secretly transporting messages and goods for Ieyasu during the time when Toyotomi Hideyoshi held power. He obtained a red-seal license (朱印状 shuinjō) from Hideyoshi, permitting him to trade in the ports of southern Vietnam, where he obtained silks and other goods. Chaya was supposedly the one who informed Ieyasu of Oda Nobunaga's death in 1582, and thus allowed him to escape the forces of Akechi Mitsuhide and Hideyoshi, who seized power in the aftermath.

He is said to have helped design the layout of the city of Edo, and for his last year or so of life, did not leave Ieyasu's side. He repeatedly refused formal posts as governor of various Tokugawa lands, insisting that he was not a soldier, and was granted a stipend of 200 koku instead.

Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyotada  茶屋清忠 (1584-1603)
Following Kiyonobu's death in 1596, his son Kiyotada took over the family business, and succeeded his father in his relationship with the Tokugawa lord. Kiyotada fought at the battle of Sekigahara (1600), and soon afterward was made head of all the merchants in the Kansai region, "with particular jurisdiction over the business community of Kyoto".

However, Kiyotada died young, in 1603, at the age of nineteen.

Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyotsugu  茶屋清次 (1584-1622)
Thus, with the patronage of the shogunate behind them, the remaining brothers Kiyotsugu (1584-1622), Michizumi, and Nobumune took over the Chaya family business, worked to monopolize the trade in raw silk, and served as official suppliers of a variety of goods to the shogunate. Kiyotsugu was assigned by Ieyasu to help oversee shogunal operations at the formal trading post in Nagasaki, where he could keep an eye on the foreign traders and Christian missionaries, while working to his own commercial benefit as well.

A friend of artist Honami Kōetsu, Kiyotsugu was active socially in the Kyoto art world, and was known as both a patron of the arts in general, and a collector of tea bowls and other implements of the Japanese tea ceremony.

Beginning in 1612, the family obtained official licenses (朱印状 shuinjō) from the shogunate to continue trade with Cochinchina (aka Dang Trong, present-day southern Vietnam); these merchant vessels thus came to be known as chaya-sen (茶屋船, "Chaya ships").
- source : wikipedia

- reference : chaya shirojiro -

Ieyasu had Shirojiro Kiyonobu settle in a part of Asakusa, now known as
Chayamachi 茶屋町 Chaya machi .

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Shinkun Iga-Goe 神君伊賀越え "The Heavenly Lord retreats via Iga"
also called
"Shinkun Koka-Iga Goe" or Tokugawa Ieyasu Iga-goe no kinan


. . . CLICK here for more Photos !

Shirojiro helped Tokugawa Ieyasu during his hasty retreat from Sakai (Osaka) via Iga to Mikawa by going before him, paying money to the village heads to let Ieyasu pass.
This was also achieved with the help of Hattori Hanzo, a Ninja from the Iga and Koga region.

- quote -
Iga-goe(Crossing Iga)
TOKUGAWA Ieyasu experienced four disasters in his life, among which, according to him, Crossing Iga was the most difficult. When he learned his predecessor ODA Nobunaga committed suicide because of rebellion, he was on his way home with only 30 odd allegiants in civilian clothes, although they were all chief retainers. Ieyasu said, “I should kill the rebel, but we are too small a party to fight against the rebel force. It may be better for me to remain in dignity by committing suicide by harakiri.” A follower then made a proposal, however, “Let’s return home, raise forces, and send a punitive expedition against the rebel. That is our obligation to Nobunaga.” So, they discussed how they would be able to escape.

Although they were annoyed by bandits and riots that usually accompanied rebellion, they could somehow come to Iga through a number of dangerous points with the aid of several local lords. After they entered Iga, local warriors of Koka and Iga guided them to Ise. Thereafter, they returned home on ships. Ieyasu later hired two hundred Koka and Iga men and appointed HATTORI Hanzo to the head of the group, which is the beginning of the Iga section of Tokugawa shogunate.
- source : ninja-museum.com/ninja-database -

. Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川家康 . (1543 - 1616) .


- reference : ieyasu igagoe -

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shuinsen 朱印船 "red seal Ships"
ships with a special license for trade with Vietnam


CLICK for more photos !

- quote -
Japanese armed merchant sailing ships bound for Southeast Asian ports with red-sealed letters patent issued by the early Tokugawa shogunate in the first half of the 17th century. Between 1600 and 1635, more than 350 Japanese ships went overseas under this permit system.
..... The Red Seal system appears from at least 1592, under Hideyoshi, date of the first known mention of the system in a document. The first actually preserved Shuinjō (Red Seal Permit) is dated to 1604, under Tokugawa Ieyasu, first ruler of Tokugawa Japan. Tokugawa issued red-sealed permits to his favourite feudal lords and principal merchants who were interested in foreign trade. By doing so, he was able to control Japanese traders and reduce Japanese piracy in the South Sea. His seal also guaranteed the protection of the ships, since he vowed to pursue any pirate or nation who would violate it.
..... Ship design ...
The ships were managed by rich trading families such as the Sumikura, Araki, Chaya and Sueyoshi, or by individual adventurers such as Suetsugo Heizo, Yamada Nagamasa, William Adams, Jan Joosten or Murayama Toan. The funds for the purchase of merchandise in Asia were loaned to the managers of the expedition for an interest of 35% to 55% per trip, going as high as 100% in the case of Siam.
..... The 350 Red Seal ships recorded between 1604 and 1634, averaging about 10 ships per year,
..... In 1635, the Tokugawa Shogunate officially prohibited their citizens from overseas travel, thus ending the period of red-seal trade. .....
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

- reference : shuinsen ship -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

時鳥繪になけ東四郎次郎
hototogisu e ni nake higashi shirojiroo

hototogisu
sing to the painting
the east is blanched white

Tr. Cheryl A. Crowley

. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 .
at temple 大徳寺 Daitoku-Ji
The sky in the East is pale white (shirojiro 白じろ)
Shirojiroo is short for Kano Motonobu 元信, Genshin Shirojiro) 1476-1559

. hototogisu ホトトギス, 時鳥 Little Cuckoo .
- - kigo for summer - -

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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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10/06/2016

Edo Anthology Book

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.  Reference and LINKS - Books .
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An Edo Anthology:
Literature from Japan’s Mega-City, 1750-1850
Editor: Jones, Sumie; Watanabe, Kenji
University of Hawaii Press



During the eighteenth century, Edo (today’s Tokyo) became the world’s largest city, quickly surpassing London and Paris. Its rapidly expanding population and flourishing economy encouraged the development of a thriving popular culture. Innovative and ambitious young authors and artists soon began to look beyond the established categories of poetry, drama, and prose, banding together to invent completely new literary forms that focused on the fun and charm of Edo. Their writings were sometimes witty, wild, and bawdy, and other times sensitive, wise, and polished. Now some of these high spirited works, celebrating the rapid changes, extraordinary events, and scandalous news of the day, have been collected in an accessible volume highlighting the city life of Edo.

Edo’s urban consumers
demanded visual presentations and performances in all genres. Novelties such as books with text and art on the same page were highly sought after, as were kabuki plays and the polychrome prints that often shared the same themes, characters, and even jokes. Popular interest in sex and entertainment focused attention on the theatre district and “pleasure quarters,” which became the chief backdrops for the literature and arts of the period. Gesaku, or “playful writing,” invented in the mid-eighteenth century, satirized the government and samurai behavior while parodying the classics. These entertaining new styles bred genres that appealed to the masses.
Among the bestsellers were lengthy serialized heroic epics, revenge dramas, ghost and monster stories, romantic melodramas, and comedies that featured common folk.
source : www.uhpress.hawaii.edu


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- source : Kinokuniya Webstore -



Some of the translations presented here are the first available in English and many are based on first editions.

Table of Contents
Preface
Introduction: The Production and Consumption of Literature in a Flourishing Metropolis
Notes for the Reader

I Playboys, Prostitutes, and Lovers
Seki the Night Hawk, 1753
Yamaoka Matsuake / Robert Campbell

"A Lousy Journey of Love: Two Sweethearts Won't Back Down" 1783
Hiraga Gennai / Timon Screech

At a Fork on the Road to Hiring a Hooker, 1798 (Sara Langer, Trans)
Umebori Kokuga

Intimations of Spring: The Plum Calendar, 1832-1833.
Illustrated by Yanagawa Shigenobu and Yanagawa Jusan (Shigenobu II)
Tamenaga Shunsui / Valerie L. Durham


II Ghosts, Monsters, and Deities
One Hundred Monsters in Edo of Our Time, 1758
Baba Bunko / William J. Farge

Rootless Grass, 1763, 1769
Hiraga Gennai /David Sitkin

Thousand Arms of Goddess, Julienned: The Secret Recipe of Our Handmade Soup Stock,
1785. Illustrated by Kitao Masanobu -- (Santo Kyoden)
Shiba Zenko /Adam L. Kern

The Monster Takes a Bride, 1807. Illustrated by Katsukawa Shun'ei
Jippensha Ikku /Adam Kern

Epic Yotsuya Ghost Tale, 1825
Tsuruya Nanboku IV / Faith Bach


III Heroes, Rogues, and Fools
Playboy, Grilled Edo Style, 1785. Illustrated by Kitao Masanobu
Santo Kyoden / Sumie Jones

Osome and Hisamatsu: Their Amorous History---Read All About It!, 1813 219(28)
Tsuruya Nanboku IV / Sakurada Jisuke II / Caryn Callahan

Opening section from The Tale of the Eight Dog Warriors of the Satomi Clan,
1814-1842. Illustrated chiefly by Yanagawa Shigenobu and Keisai Eisen
Kyokutei Bakin / Ellen Widmer

Funamushi episodes from The Tale of the Eight Dog Warriors of the Satomi Clan, 1814-1842.
Illustrated chiefly by Yanagawa Shigenobu and Keisai Eisen
Kyokutei Bakin / Valerie L. Durham

Eight Footloose Fools: A Flower Almanac, written in 1820, published in 1849.
Illustrated chiefly by Keisai Eisen, Utagawa Kuninao, and Utagawa Kuniyoshi
Ryutei Rijo / Dylan Mcgee / Christopher Robins

Benten the Thief, 1862
Kawatake Mokuami / Alan Cummings


IV City and Country Folks
Mr. Senryu's Barrel of Laughs, Edo Haikai Style, 1765-1838
Karai Senryu / Jason Webb

"The Housemaid's Ballad" and Other Poems, 1769
Domyaku Sensei /Andrew Markus - In the World of Men, Nothing But Lies, 1812. Illustrated by Utagawa Kuninao
Shikitei Sanba / Joel Cohn

The Floating World Barbershop, 1813-1814. Illustrated by Utagawa Kuninao
Shikitei Sanba /Charles Vilnis

Tales from the North, 1818
Tadano Makuzu / Bettina Gramlich-Oka


V Artists and Poets
On Farting, c. 1774, c. 1777
Hiraga Gennai / William F. Sibley

The "Peony Petals" Sequence, 1780
Yosa Buson / Takai Kito / Chris Drake

Peasants, Peddlers, And Paramours: Waka Selections
Roger K. Thomas

Icicle Teardrops and Butterfly Wings: Popular Love Songs
John Solt


VI Tourists and Onlookers
Comparisons of Cities-
(1) Anonymous,
"What They Think Good about Kyo and Edo,"
c. 1820,
(2) Shiba Kokan, "On Good and Bad Things about Kyo and Edo" (A Letter
to Yamaryo Kazuma), 1813, and
(3) Kimuro Boun, Tales of the Kyo I Have Seen, 1780
Timon Screech

Songs of the Northern Quarter, 1786
Ichikawa Kansai / Mark Borer

Outlandish Nonsense: Verses on Western Themes
Timon Screech

An Account of the Prosperity of Edo, 1832: "Urban Chivalry" and "Honjo District"
Terakado Seiken / Andrew Markus


Source Texts and Modern Editions
List of Contributors
Permissions
Index of Names
Subject Index


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:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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8/26/2016

Baisao old tea seller

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Baisaoo, Baisaō 売茶翁 Baisao, "Old Tea Seller"
賣茶翁 (ばいさおう) / 高遊外 Ko Yugai.

(1675 – 1763)


Baisaō with his portable tea stand,
as depicted in a gently comical caricature painting of the late 19th–early 20th century

- quote
was a Japanese Buddhist monk of the Obaku school of Zen Buddhism, who became famous for traveling around Kyoto selling tea. The veneration of Baisao during and after his lifetime helped to popularize sencha tea and led to the creation of the sencha tea ceremony.

Baisao went by many names during his lifetime, as was common at the time. As a child, he was known as Shibayama Kikusen. When he became a monk, his Zen priest name was 月海元昭 Gekkai Gensho. Baisao, the nickname by which he is popularly known, means "old tea seller." He acquired this name from his act of making tea in the Kyoto area.
Later in his life, he denounced his priesthood and adopted the lay name of 高遊外 Ko Yugai.

Baisao was born in the town of Hasuike in what was then Hizen Province.
- snip -
Tea
Around 1735, Baisao began selling tea in the various scenic locations in Kyoto. At this time, he had not yet formally given up his priesthood. Baisao never sold his tea for a fixed price. Instead, he carried a bamboo tube with which he collected donations. He lived an ascetic life, despite his lasting friendships with illustrious individuals, and used the meagre donations from his tea peddling to keep himself nourished. As for his tea equipment, he carried it all in a woven bamboo basket he called Senka ("den of the sages") that he lugged around on a stick over his shoulder.

Baisao's method of preparing tea was referred to as sencha, or "simmered tea". In this method, whole tea leaves would be tossed into a pot of boiling water and simmered for a short period of time. This style of tea differed from matcha, the most common tea in Japan at the time, which consists of tea leaves ground into a fine powder. The method of brewing tea by grinding it into a powder and whisking it with hot water was popular in China in the Song dynasty, during which Zen Buddhist monks first brought the practice to Japan. By contrast, the Obaku school of Zen specialized in brewing loose leaf green tea, a style that had gradually become popular in China during the Ming dynasty. Sencha partisans of the time opposed the rigid, elaborate formalism of the traditional chanoyu tea ceremony, which uses matcha. The comparative simplicity of adding tea leaves to water appealed to many Japanese monks and intellectuals (among them Baisao and much of his social circle) who admired the carefree attitude advocated by the ancient Chinese sages. Baisao himself saw tea as a path to spiritual enlightenment, a point he made repeatedly in his poetry.

It is not known where Baisao originally obtained his tea leaves from, but by 1738, the sencha method of brewing tea had become popular enough that one of his acquaintances, a tea grower in Uji, developed new production methods to create a type of tea named after the brewing method. This sencha tea was made of whole, young leaves which were steamed and then dried. This technique differs from the typical Chinese method of producing loose leaf tea, which does not involve steaming. Baisao himself praised the tea highly, and the term sencha has come to refer primarily to the tea leaves produced by this method, not to the method of brewing them.
- snip -
Baisao's poetry and calligraphy
are considered important in the Zen history of Japan, especially in Kyoto where Baisao was well known. His poetry was highly regarded by the artists of 18th century Kyoto, which was more "liberal" than the capital city of Edo (modern Tokyo). Over 100 of his poems have survived. Some of Baisao's writings were published in 1748 as A Collection of Tea Documents from the Plum Mountain (Baisanshu chafu ryaku). In this text, Baisao argued for the philosophical superiority of sencha over chanoyu, and wrote that priests who performed the chanoyu tea ceremony were as far from the example of the ancient sages as heaven from earth.
- snip -
Today, Baisao is considered one of the first sencha masters. After his death, sencha continued to rise in popularity, gradually replacing matcha as the most popular type of tea in Japan.
- source : wikipedia

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高遊外売茶翁佐賀地域協議会
佐賀市松原4丁目6番18号 / Saga, Matsubara
- source : kouyugaibaisao.com -

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The Old Tea Seller: Life and Zen Poetry in 18th Century Kyoto
by Baisao (Author), Norman Waddell (Translator)


Baisao was an influential and unconventional figure in a culturally rich time period in Kyoto. A poet and Buddhist priest, he left the constrictions of temple life behind and at the age of 49 traveled to Kyoto, where he began to make his living by selling tea on the streets and at scenic places around the city. Yet Baisao dispensed much more than tea: though he would never purport to be a Zen master, his clientele, which consisted of influential artists, poets, and thinkers, considered a trip to his shop as having religious importance. His large bamboo wicker baskets provided Baisao and his customers with an occasion for conversation and poetry, as well as exceptional tea.
The poems, memoirs, and letters collected here trace his spiritual and physical journey over a long life. This book includes virtually all of his writings translated for the first time into English, together with the first biography of Baisao to appear in any language. It is bound to establish Baisao’s place alongside other Zen-inspired poets such as Basho and Ryokan.
- source : www.amazon.com -


The Old Tea Seller: Life and Zen Poetry in 18th Century Kyoto
By Baisa Baisa

- source : books.google.co.jp -


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Searching for the Spirit of the Sages: Baisaō and Sencha in Japan
by Patricia J. Graham - 1996
PDF file

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Baisaō on a Footbridge by 伊藤若冲 Itō Jakuchū (1716-1800)

- quote -
賣茶翁 Baisaō (1675-1763)
..... Baisaō was an inspirational and unconventional figure in a culturally rich time period in Kyoto.
.....
Book reviewed by Joseph S. O’Leary, Sophia University
Book reviewed by Vladimir K.
.....

- - - - - Two quotes from Baisaō:
“The price for this tea is anything
from a hundred in gold to a half sen.
If you want to drink free, that's all right too.
I'm only sorry I can't let you have it for less.”



“What's the tea seller got in his basket?
Bottomless tea cups?
A two-spouted pot?
He pokes around town for a small bit of rice,
Working very hard for next to nothing ---
Blinkering old drudge just plodding ahead ...
Bah!”



portrait by 田能村竹田 Tanomura Chikuden (1777-1835)

More illustrations and translations of his writing are here :
- source : terebess.hu/zen/mesterek -

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Making the busy streets my home
right down in the heart of things
only one friend shares my poverty
this single scrawny wooden staff.
Having learned the ways of silence
within the noise of urban life
I take life as it comes to me
and everywhere I am is true.

Rambling free beyond the world
enjoying the natural shapes of things
a shaggy eight-year-old duffer
scraping out a living selling tea.
He escapes starvation, barely,
thanks to a section of bamboo,
a tiny house with a window hole
provides all the shelter he needs.

Outside, carts and horses pass
annulling both noise and quiet
inside, easy talk at the stove
banishes notions of host and guest.
He lives under a row of tall pines
beside a temple of guardian sages
where the pine breeze sweeps clear
the dust of fame and profit.



I'm not a Buddhist or Taoist
not a Confucianist either
I'm a brownfaced white-haired
hard up old man.
People think I just prowl
the streets peddling tea.
I've got the whole universe
in this tea caddy of mine.

Left home at ten
turned from the world
here I am in my dotage
a layman once again;
A black bat of a man
(it makes me smile myself)
but still the old tea seller
I always was.

Seventy years of Zen
got me nowhere at all
shed my black robe
became a shaggy crank.
now I have no business
with sacred or profane
just simmer tea for folks
and hold starvation back.

Tr. Norman Waddell


Baisao makes a good case for a simple but elegant life of attention, beauty, and contentment that honors old age and the impermanence of life.
- source : spiritualityandpractice.com -

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朱泥ダルマ彫煎茶 Cup for Sencha
made from shudei 朱泥 red clay from China

. Sencha 煎茶  .
a Japanese green tea, specifically one made without grinding the tea leaves.

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仙台市の 売茶翁 ( ばいさおう ) の「みちのくせんべい」
- reference : takedala/dokugen -


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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